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17485  General Carl Schurz CDV Schurz served with distinction as a general
in the Union Army. Schurz was commissioned brigadier general of Union
volunteers in April 1862. In June, he took command of a division, first under
John C. Frémont, and then in Franz Sigel's corps, with which he took part in
the Second Battle of Bull Run in August 1862. He was promoted major general
in 1863 and was assigned to lead a division in the XI Corps at the battles of
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, both under General Oliver O. Howard. A
bitter controversy began brewing between Schurz and Howard over the
strategy employed at Chancellorsville, resulting in the routing of the XI Corps
by the Confederate corps led by Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Two months
later, the XI Corps again broke during the first day of Gettysburg. Containing
several German-American units, the XI Corps performance during both
battles was heavily criticized by the press, fueling anti-immigrant sentiments.
Following Gettysburg, Schurz's division was deployed to Tennessee and
participated in the Battle of Chattanooga.  Back marked E&HT Anthony, New
York from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery.  $135