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16330 4th Maine Infantry Discharge for Pvt. Roscoe Robinson dated July 19,
1864. Gettysburg Unit. $95
HDS show Robinson being discharged for desertion in Action 5/2/63 but this
discharge clearly is for July of 1864.
Fourth Infantry.--Col., Hiram G., Berry; Lieut.-Col.,
Thomas H. Marshall; Maj., Frank S. Nickerson. This regiment
was organized for active service May 8, 1861, and was mustered
into the United States service on June 15 at Rockland. Co. A
(Belfast Artillery), Co. K (Belfast City (Grays), and Co. F
(Brooks Light Infantry), had formed part of the state militia,
but the other companies were without previous experience. The
regiment left Rockland for Washington on June 17, and was armed
with the Springfield smooth-bore musket. Passing through New
York, it was presented with two beautiful flags. It
participated in all the important battles of the Army of the
Potomac during its three years' term of service. Gen. Kearney
wrote as follows of the conduct of its gallant colonel at Bull
Run: "Col. Berry manifested such a genius for war, and such a
pertinacity in the fight, as proved him fit for high command."
It is stated that the 4th Me. saved the day at Williamsburg,
while at Fair Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Gaines' Mill, Glendale,
Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and on many other bloody fields it
rendered magnificent service. The heroic commander of the
regiment, Hiram G. Berry, was killed amid the awful carnage of
the battle of Chancellorsville, having attained to the rank of
major-general and being esteemed one of the most brilliant
officers in the service. On June 25, 1864, the regiment
arrived in Rockland, its term of service having expired on the
15th, and after being furloughed were mustered out on July 19.
It returned under the command of Elijah Walker, who had gone
out as captain of Co. B. There were 46 officers in the
regiment, including 10 recruits; privates of the original
organization, 966; recruits, 513; total, 1,525. Number of
officers mustered out, 17; prisoners of war, 2; privates
mustered out, 224; prisoners, 37; officers discharged, 5;
resigned, 41; privates discharged for disability, 366; privates
transferred to other commands, 435; officers died of wounds,
14; of disease, 2; privates died of wounds, 139; of disease,
112; privates deserted, 131. Total, 1,525. The number of
officers lost by casualties during the service of the regiment
was 65; mustered out July 19, 1864, 17; prisoners of war, 2.
Total, 84. Thirty-eight officers were promoted from the ranks.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 1