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Fine Images and Documents
17611 Gen. Philip Sheridan CS, 4 3/4”x 2 3/4"
“P. H. Sheridan, Lt. General, U.S.A. “ $185
Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August
5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer
and a Union general in the American Civil War.
His career was noted for his rapid rise to major
general and his close association with General-in-
chief Ulysses S. Grant, who transferred Sheridan
from command of an infantry division in the
Western Theater to lead the Cavalry Corps of the
Army of the Potomac in the East. In 1864, he
defeated Confederate forces in the Shenandoah
Valley and his destruction of the economic
infrastructure of the Valley, called "The Burning"
by residents, was one of the first uses of scorched
earth tactics in the war. In 1865, his cavalry
pursued Gen. Robert E. Lee and was instrumental
in forcing his surrender at Appomattox.
Sheridan fought in later years in the Indian Wars
of the Great Plains. Both as a soldier and private
citizen, he was instrumental in the development
and protection of Yellowstone National Park. In
1883, Sheridan was appointed general-in-chief of
the U.S. Army, and in 1888 he was promoted to the
rank of General of the Army during the term of
President Grover Cleveland.