MEDHURST & CO.
Fine Images and Documents
18307 Indian Wars Major Officer with Staff Officer Sword CDV-
sized tintype of a soldier in uniform. His hat (9th Infantry) sits on a
nearby marble-topped table. The 9th US was a hard fought Indian
fighting unit. $175
During the period from 1866 to 1869, elements of the regiment were
in the Snake War in Northern California and Oregon and in conflict
with the Chemehuevi in Southern California. In June 1869, the
regiment was ordered to the Department of the Platte, where it
absorbed the 27th Infantry Regiment. It was from the 27th Infantry
Regiment that the regiment gets its Civil War battle honors, derived
from the 2nd Battalion of the 18th Infantry Regiment that was the
cadre around which the 27th formed at the end of the Civil War.
Following the reorganization the 9th Infantry performed garrison
duty at various posts and guard duty on the Union Pacific Railroad
line. In May 1873, six companies, A, D, E, F, H and I, were sent to the
Department of Dakota for duty with the Yellowstone Expedition,
escorting the engineers locating the Northern Pacific Railroad. From
the summer of 1874 to May 1876, the regiment was stationed at posts
on or near the Sioux reservation in Nebraska and Wyoming and was
almost constantly escorting wagon trains. In the summer of 1875
Companies C, E and H, were in the Black Hills, Dakota, as part of the
escort to the Newton–Jenney Party, Company E remained in the field
until November assisting in ejecting white intruders who had entered
In May 1876, Companies C, G and H became a part of the Big Horn
and Yellowstone Expedition under command of Brigadier General
Crook and were in the field until late in October taking part in the
engagement with the Indians at Tongue River, Montana, 9 June, the
Battle of the Rosebud, and the Battle of Slim Buttes. Companies G
and H also assisted in repelling a night attack by Indians on the camp
on Goose Creek, Wyoming, 9 July 1876. In the early part of
September the entire command was without rations for a number of
days, and subsisted on horse flesh and a small quantity of dried meat
and fruit captured at Slim Buttes. In October, 1876, the Powder River
Expedition was organized and Companies A, B, D, F, I and K formed
a part of it. They remained in the field until January 1877, during the
most severe part of the winter, and practically brought to a
termination the Great Sioux War of 1876.
In July 1877, Companies B, D, F, H, I and K were a part of the force
sent to Chicago, Illinois, at the time of the Great Railroad Strike of
1877. They remained a month performing guard duty over various
public and private institutions.
During the summer and fall of 1878 Companies B, C, H and I were a
part of a force of observation on the Little Missouri River, and in the
northwestern part of the Black Hills.
In October 1878 Companies G and K were part of the force in the
field in the Cheyenne War. Company K was mounted and took active
part in the pursuit.
In October, 1879, Companies E and K went into the field in the White
River War, remaining until July 1880.
In 1883, Col. John S. Mason, took command of the 9th Regiment and
in July 1886, the regiment went to the Department of Arizona. During
their service there the regiment was in garrisons at every post in
Arizona and at some posts in New Mexico. Four companies, C, E, H
and I, were in the field in New Mexico for about a month during the
Apache campaign of 1886 against Geronimo.
Following the end of the Indian Wars the regiment participated in the
Spanish–American War. It fought in the Battle of San Juan Hill.