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19559  Confederate Major General  John C. Breckinridge  CDV in uniform.  No
Breckinridge was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. He represented Kentucky in
both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever vice president of the
United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. He was a member of the Democratic party. He
served in the U.S. Senate during the outbreak of the American Civil War, but was expelled
after joining the Confederate Army. He was commissioned a brigadier general. Following
the Battle of Shiloh in 1862, he was promoted to major general, and in October he was
assigned to the Army of Mississippi under Braxton Bragg. After Bragg charged that
Breckinridge's drunkenness had contributed to defeats at Stone River and Missionary
Ridge, and after Breckinridge joined many other high-ranking officers in criticizing Bragg,
he was transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department, where he won his most significant
victory in the 1864 Battle of New Market. After participating in Jubal Early's campaigns in
the Shenandoah Valley, Breckinridge was charged with defending supplies in Tennessee
and Virginia. In February 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed him
Secretary of War. Concluding that the war was hopeless, he urged Davis to arrange a
national surrender. After the fall of Richmond, Breckinridge ensured the preservation of
Confederate records. He then escaped the country and lived abroad for more than three
years. When President Andrew Johnson extended amnesty to all former Confederates in
1868, Breckinridge returned to Kentucky, but resisted all encouragement to resume his
political career. War injuries sapped his health, and he died in 1875. Breckinridge is
regarded as an effective military commander. Though well-liked in Kentucky, he was
reviled by many in the North as a traitor.  $100