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19560  Confederate Major General  John C. Breckinridge  . 1” x 3 1/4" .
Breckinridge was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. He represented
Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever
vice president of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. He was a member
of the Democratic party. He served in the U.S. Senate during the outbreak of
the American Civil War, but was expelled after joining the Confederate Army.
He was commissioned a brigadier general. Following the Battle of Shiloh in
1862, he was promoted to major general, and in October he was assigned to the
Army of Mississippi under Braxton Bragg. After Bragg charged that
Breckinridge's drunkenness had contributed to defeats at Stone River and
Missionary Ridge, and after Breckinridge joined many other high-ranking
officers in criticizing Bragg, he was transferred to the Trans-Allegheny
Department, where he won his most significant victory in the 1864 Battle of
New Market. After participating in Jubal Early's campaigns in the Shenandoah
Valley, Breckinridge was charged with defending supplies in Tennessee and
Virginia. In February 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed
him Secretary of War. Concluding that the war was hopeless, he urged Davis to
arrange a national surrender. After the fall of Richmond, Breckinridge ensured
the preservation of Confederate records. He then escaped the country and lived
abroad for more than three years. When President Andrew Johnson extended
amnesty to all former Confederates in 1868, Breckinridge returned to
Kentucky, but resisted all encouragement to resume his political career. War
injuries sapped his health, and he died in 1875. Breckinridge is regarded as an
effective military commander. Though well-liked in Kentucky, he was reviled
by many in the North as a traitor.  $125