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20406 General Joseph Mansfield CDV   Back marked E.
Anthony, Brady's National Portrait Gallery. At the battle of
Antietam, where he was at the head of his corps, he was
mortally wounded early in the day while cheering on his troops
in a charge, and he died on the battlefield, near Sharpsburg,
Md., Sept. 18, 1862.  $250  


Mansfield, Joseph K. F., major-general, was born in New
Haven, Conn., Dec. 22, 1803.  He was graduated at the United
States military academy in 1822 and assigned to the engineer
corps, being engaged from then until the Mexican war on
various engineering works.  In the Mexican war, in which he
served as chief engineer under Gen. Taylor, he won the brevet
of major for gallant and distinguished services in the defense of
Fort Brown, which he had built; that of lieutenant-colonel for
conduct at Monterey, and that of colonel for services at Buena
Vista.  On May 23, 1853, he was appointed inspector-general of
the army, with the rank of colonel, and on May 14, 1861, he
was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers and placed in
command of the Department of Washington.  

He fortified the city completely on every side, and on the
return of Gen. Wool to Fortress Monroe he commanded
successively Camp Hamilton, Newport News, and Suffolk, and
engaged in the capture of Norfolk.  In 1862 he served on the
court of inquiry on the battle of Bull Run, in Washington, and
on July 18, 1862 he was made major-general of U. S. volunteers
and assigned to command the corps formerly under Gen. N. P.
Banks.  

At the battle of Antietam, where he was at the head of his
corps, he was mortally wounded early in the day while
cheering on his troops in a charge, and he died on the
battlefield, near Sharpsburg, Md., Sept. 18, 1862.